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Crosthwaite, Cumberland

Historical Description

Crosthwaite, an ecclesiastical parish in Cumberland, in the basin of the Derwent river. It adjoins Keswick, which is the post town. The population is 2239. The ancient civil parish of Crosthwaite measured 10 miles by 8, and included Keswick and several other townships. The district around Crosthwaite is very beautiful and forms a prominent part, in extent, variety, and richness, of the Lake country, Copper and lead ores with plumbago are found. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Carlisle; net value, £291 with residence. Patron, the Bishop of Carlisle. The old church stands three-quarters of a mile N of Keswick; is an ancient edifice, with centre and side aisles; and has a hexagonal figured font, a brass of Sir John Ratcliffe, the ancestor of the Earls of Derwentwater, and a beautiful marble monument of the poet Southey, and a handsome reredos made in part by the members of the Keswick School of Industrial Art, and also a mosaic pavement in honour of St Kentigern. The first founder of the church was St Mungo, alias St Kentigern, circa 553. There are Wesleyan, Primitive Methodist,, and Congregational chapels, and a meeting-room for Plymouth Brethren, an endowed grammar school, and several charities-See KESWICK.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyCumberland 
Ecclesiastical parishCrosthwaite St. Kentigern 
Poor Law unionCockermouth 
WardAllerdale below Derwent 

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Crosthwaite from the following:

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Cumberland is available to browse.


Online maps of Crosthwaite are available from a number of sites:

Villages, Hamlets, &c

Briery Cottages
Mill Beck
St John in the Vale
Swinside (Crosthwaite)

Visitations Heraldic

The Visitation of Cumberland, 1615 is available on the Heraldry page.

DistrictSouth Lakeland
RegionNorth West
Postal districtLA8
Post TownKendal