Wallingford Castle, Berkshire
Wallingford Castle, a precinct in Wallingford, Berks. A strong castle here was reconstructed by William the Conqueror on the site of a previous Saxon castle; was held by Brian Fitzcount for the Empress Maud; received the Empress on occasion of her flight from Oxford; sustained a siege by Stephen against her from a castle built by him on the opposite side of the river; was relieved by Henry II., and was the place of the treaty which put an end to the war between Maud and Stephen. It reverted to the Crown at the death of Brian Fitzcount; was the place of a conference between King John and his barons; was the birthplace of John's son, the Earl of Cornwall, and was afterwards given to him, and was the place where he passed his honeymoon. It went in the time of Edward II. to Piers Gaveston, and afterwards to the Despencers; was the deathplace of the Black Prince's wife, Joan; was given to Henry V.'s widow, Catherine, and by Henry VIII. to Wolsey; was garrisoned for Charles I. in 1644, and taken by Fairfax in 1646; was then dismantled, and is now represented by only small remains, chiefly the fragment of a wall and an oriel window.
Land and Property
The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Berkshire is available to browse.
Newspapers and Periodicals
The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Berkshire papers online: