Machen, a parish in Monmouthshire and Glamorgan, on the river Rhymney, 6 miles W of Newport. It has stations on the Brecon and Merthyr, and Pontypridd, Caerphilly, and Newport railways, and a post, money order, and telegraph office under Newport. It comprises the hamlets of Lower Machen and Upper Machen in Monmouthshire, and the hamlet of Rhydgwem in Glamorgan. Acreage, 5207; population, 3172. There are remains of a castle. Machen Mountain is a finely-wooded hill separating the valley from that of Sir-howy. The rocks include iron and lead ores and calamine. Extensive iron and tin works and a foundry are in Upper Machen. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Llandaff; gross value, £358 with residence. Patron, Lord Tredegar. The parish church is ancient, and another church is in Upper Machen. There are Congregational, Baptist, Calvinistic and Primitive Methodist, and Wesleyan chapels.
The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.
|Ecclesiastical parish||Machen St. Michael|
|Poor Law union||Newport|
Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.
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Directories & Gazetteers
We have transcribed the entry for Machen from the following:
- Samuel Lewis' A Topographical Dictionary of England, by Samuel Lewis, seventh edition, published 1858. (Machen (St. Michael))
Newspapers and Periodicals
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