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Conwil Gaio or Cynwyl Caio, Carmarthenshire

Historical Description

Conwil-Gaio or Cynwyl-Caio, a parish in Carmarthenshire, on the Sam-Helen Way, and on a headstream of the river Towy, 7½ miles NW of Llandovery, and contains the village of Caio. It has a post office (Caio) under Llanwrda (R.S.O.); money order office, Pumpsaint; telegraph office, Llangadock. Acreage, 26,187; population, 1803. Mines yielding gold were worked here by the Romans. Many tumuli and other ancient remains are on hills, and in the valleys; remains of an aqueduct lead to the places of the old mines; remains of the Sara-Helen Way are seen; and Roman bricks, inscriptions, torques, and coins have been found. The living is a vicarage, united with the vicarage of Llansawel, in the diocese of St David's; joint net value, £170. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church is ancient. Population of the ecclesiastical district, 2701. There are Calvinistic Methodist, Congregational, and Baptist chapels.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Registration districtLlandovery1837 - 1935
Registration districtCarmarthen1935 - 1974

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Civil Registration

For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.

For births, marriages, and deaths in Conwil Gaio or Cynwyl Caio from 1837 to 1935 you should search for the Llandovery Registration District.
For births, marriages, and deaths in Conwil Gaio or Cynwyl Caio from 1935 to 1974 you should search for the Carmarthen Registration District.

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Carmarthenshire is available to browse.

Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers online: