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Kenchester, Herefordshire

Historical Description

Kenchester, a parish in Herefordshire, 1 mile SW of Credenhill station on the Hereford, Hay, and Brecon branch of the M.R., and 5½ miles WNW of Hereford. It has a post office under Hereford; money order and telegraph office, Staunton-on-Wye. Acreage, 545; population, 123. A Roman station was here, called Magna Castra by Antonine, Ken-ceastre by the Saxons, and Ariconium by Camden, and Roman roads went hence to Worcester and Wroxeter. The station occupied upwards of 50 acres, was of irregular hexagonal outline, and had two openings to the W and two to the N. Traces exist of small portions of the walls, of a temple to the E, and of a niche of Roman brick and mortar, called " the chair;" and vaults, a hypocaust, an altar, tessellated pavements, urns, coins, and other Roman relics have been found. The New Weir is the chief residence. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Hereford; net value,, £100 with residence. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church is Early Norman, and measures only 50 feet by 17; it contains a font scooped out of a portion of one of the Doric columns of the Praetorium of the Roman Magna Castra, probably all except the basin being of a date prior to the Christian era. The capitals of the Doric columns of the Prsetorium are conspicuous objects on the garden walls of two houses in Credenhill village. There is a Calvinistic Methodist chapel, built and handsomely endowed by Lady Southampton with schools, lecture-room, and commodious residence for the minister.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyHerefordshire 
Ecclesiastical parishKenchester St. Michael 
Poor Law unionHereford 
Registration districtHereford1837 - 1974

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Civil Registration

For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.

For births, marriages, and deaths in Kenchester from 1837 to 1974 you should search for the Hereford Registration District.

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Kenchester from the following:

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Herefordshire is available to browse.


Online maps of Kenchester are available from a number of sites:

Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Herefordshire newspapers online:

RegionWest Midlands
Postal districtHR4
Post TownHereford