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Carham, Northumberland

Historical Description

Carham, a village, a township, and a parish in Northumberland. The village stands near the banks of the Tweed, something more than half a mile from the Scotch border, 1 mile from Carham railway station on the N.E.R., and 4 miles from Cornhill, in a WSW direction on the public road to Kelso. The parish comprises the townships of Carham, Downham, Learmonth, Mindrum, Moneylaws, Presson, and Wark, and the hamlets of Hagg, Shidlaw, Sunnilaws, Titehill, Wark Common, Wark West Common, Howburn, and Presson Hill. Post, money order, and telegraph office, Coldstream. Area of the parish, 10,608 acres of land and 104 of water; population, 1043. The Earl of Tankerville is lord of the manor. Carham Hall, a modern Elizabethan mansion, is the seat of the Huntley family. Shidlaw Hill and other offsets of the Cheviots are in the south, and command charming views. A house of black monks, a cell to Kirkham Priory in Yorkshire anciently stood here, and was burned by the Scots under Wallace, whose place of encampment is still called Wallace's Croft. Three sanguinary battles were fought in the parish, one at an early period between the Saxons and the Danes, the other two in 1018 and 1370 between the English and the Scots. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Newcastle-on-Tyne; net value, £216. The little church is a neat modern building, dedicated to St Cuthbert, in good order, but with no architectural pretensions.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient CountyNorthumberland 
Ecclesiastical parishCarham St. Cuthbert 
Poor Law unionGlendale 

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Carham from the following:

Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Northumberland is available to browse.


Online maps of Carham are available from a number of sites:

Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers related to Northumberland online:

RegionNorth East
Postal districtTD12