Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire

Historical Description

Sheffield, created a city on 13 Feb., 1893, fifty years after municipal incorporation, is an ancient parish and market-town in the W.R. Yorkshire, standing in lat. 53º 23' N, lon. 1º 29' W, 46 miles S by W of York, 39 S of Leeds, 41 E by S of Manchester, and 157 N by W of London. It has a population of 324,291, an area of 19,651 acres, and is about 10 miles in width from E to W, with an average breadth of 4 miles from N to S. Sheffield is the capital of the district of Hallamshire, in the wapentakes of North and South Straffortb and Tickhill, and is the second largest town in the county of York, being inferior only to Leeds. As a railway centre it is served by the M.R., the M.S. & L.B., and the G.N.R., the latter running through trains over the M.S. & L. system. It is situated at the junction of the Sheaf with the river Don, and is near the confluence of the Porter, the Bivelin, and the Loxley. By means of a canal to Tinsley the Don is navigable for barges of fair size from Sheffield to the Ouse and on to the sea. In 1895 the canals and navigations belonging to the M.S. & L.R. were purchased by the Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation Company, whose object is to improve the existing waterways and facilitate water carriage to the sea. Originally famous for its cutlery, Sheffield has within modern times become the centre for iron and steel manufactures of every kind. It provides the British Government with war material, both offensive and defensive, and has practically a monopoly of the manufacture of armour plates. A score or more of miscellaneous trades are carried on within its borders, including hardware goods of all kinds, and silver and electroplating, a branch of industry which has largely developed the artistic qualities of its inhabitants. Often called " Smoky Sheffield," on account of masses of black smoke which darken the sky from its innumerable chimneys (though lately much has been done by the municipal authorities to remove this reproach), it has ample compensation in the beauty of its surroundings. The most lovely parts of Derbyshire, spots rich in romantic lore, lie within a few miles of its smoky streets, and are easily accessible by road and rail. Its suburbs, too, are delightfully situated. The borough is divided into nine wards:-St Peter's, Park, St George's, St Philip's, Ecclesall, Brightside, Attercliffe, Nether Hallam, and Upper Hallam. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, the city returns five members to Parliament, the divisions being Central, Hallam, Ecclesall, Brightside, and Attercliffe. The Duke of Norfolk is lord of the manor, and a court leet is held yearly.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Administration

The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient County Yorkshire
Ecclesiastical parish Sheffield St. Peter
Riding West
Wapentake Strafforth and Tickhill

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.


Church Records

Sheffield Parish Registers (Christenings, Marriages, Burials), 1560-1752

Findmypast, in conjunction with various Archives, Local Studies, and Family History Societies have the following parish records online for Sheffield :

 BaptismsBannsMarriagesBurials
Abbey Lane Cemetery   1916-1989
Burngreave Cemetery   1711-1989
All Saints, Brightside1869-1915 1869-1930 
Broomhill1868-1912 1871-1928 
Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul1816-19141653-16601754-19211743-1855
Grenoside1900-1912 1911-1928 
Howard Street Chapel1852-1854 1854-18721853-1872
Lee Croft Chapel1785-1876  1828-1836
Park1840-1912 1849-19281840-1924
Queen Street Chapel1852-1914   
St Anne1883-1914 1884-1929 
St Augustine1899-1914 1899-1930 
St Bartholomew1882-1915 1882-1930 
St George, Brook Hill1825-1915 1848-19301830-1899
St James, Norton1560-19011754-18121654-19241653-1948
St James1808-19141873-18731849-19301808-1855
St Marie Cathedral1835-19151854-1930  
St Mary, Bramall Lane1830-1915 1848-1930 
St Matthew, Carver Street1855-1914 1855-1930 
St Matthias1877-1915 1880-1930 
St Nathaniel, Crookesmoor1902-1915 1912-1930 
St Paul, Pinstone Street1767-1915 1848-19301768-1861
St Philip1866-1914 1848-19301829-1974
St Silas, Gilcar1867-1915 1869-19301960-1965
St Simon, Eyre Street1856-1915 1867-1930 
St Stephen1858-1915 1859-1930 
St Swithun  1929-1930 
St Vincent1806-19151853-1854 1862-1949
Woodhouse1859-1912 1869-19301852-1881

Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Sheffield from the following:


Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for the West Riding of Yorkshire is available to browse.


Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following West Riding newspapers online:

DistrictSheffield
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Postal districtS1
Post TownSheffield