Reigate, Rygate, or Rigate, a market-town, a municipal borough, and a parish in Surrey. The town stands at the head of Holmsdale, under the North Downs, 2 miles W of Redhill, 6 E of Dorking, and 23 from London, with three stations on the S.E.R. It has a post, money order, and telegraph office. The town was anciently called Rigegate, signifying " ridge road," and alluding either to some ancient road across its site or to the proximity of the Pilgrims Way; was probably the place of a stronghold in the Saxon times; acquired a castle and an Angiistinian priory in the Norman times; was visited in 1275 by Edward I.; sent two members to Parliament from the time of Edward I. till 1832, and one thence till 1867, when it was disfranchised. It was for some time a seat of assizes; is now a seat of petty sessions, county courts being held at Redhill; and publishes four weekly newspapers. It consists chiefly of two long streets; and has two banks, three chief inns, a police station, a town-hall, a public hall, a literary institute, an endowed grammar school, and two convalescent homes. Main drainage works have been erected at a cost of about £88,000, in connection with which there is a sewage farm of 200 acres with precipitation works. A corn market is held every Tuesday, and one for stock and corn is held at Red Hill every alternate Wednesday. Fairs for cattle and sheep are held on Whitsun-Tuesday, and for cattle only on 9 Dec.
The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.
|Ecclesiastical parish||Reigate St. Mary Magdalene|
|Poor Law union||Reigate|
Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.
Ancestry.co.uk, in association with Surrey History Centre, have images of the Parish Registers for Surrey online.
Directories & Gazetteers
We have transcribed the entry for Reigate from the following:
- Samuel Lewis' A Topographical Dictionary of England, 1848 (Reigate (St. Mary Magdalene))
Land and Property
The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Surrey is available to browse.
Online maps of Reigate are available from a number of sites:
- Bing (Current Ordnance Survey maps).
- Google Streetview.
- National Library of Scotland. (Old maps)
- old-maps.co.uk (Old Ordnance Survey maps to buy).
- Streetmap.co.uk (Current Ordnance Survey maps).
- A Vision of Britain through Time. (Old maps)
Newspapers and Periodicals
The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Surrey papers online:
The Visitation of Surrey, 1662-1668 is available on the Heraldry page.