Oatlands, Surrey

Historical Description

Oatlands, an ecclesiastical parish in Surrey, adjacent to the E side of Weybridge and to the river Thames at the boundary with Middlesex, 1 mile from Walton-on-Thames station on the L. & S.W.R., and 3 miles SE by E of Chertsey. It has a post, money order, and telegraph office under Weybridge Population, 1349. It forms a ward of the parish council of Walton, to which it returns three members. A stately palace was built here by Henry VIII., stood in a splendid park, was inhabited at times by Elizabeth, became a favourite residence of Anne of Denmark, was the scene of a gorgeous entertainment by her to the Venetian ambassador Bnsino, underwent numerous additions by Inigo Jones, was the birthplace in 1640 of " Henry of Oatlands," Duke of Gloucester, and youngest son of Charles I. and Henrietta Maria, and was destroyed in the Civil Wars of Charles I. The estate was given by Charles I. to Henrietta Maria; passed to Henry Jermyn, the Herberts, and the Earls of Lincoln, who afterwards became Dukes of Newcastle; was purchased in 1794 and much improved by the Duke of York; changed hands again after the Duke of York's death; and, inclusive of the greater part of the park, has, since about 1850, been broken into fragments and let in lots for building. A mansion near the site of Henry VIII.'s palace was built about the beginning of the 18th century by the Earl of Lincoln, and was destroyed by fire soon after going into possession of the Duke of York in 1794. Another mansion was then commenced by restoration and reconstruction, but great part of it was taken down after the Duke of York's death, and the rest, with alterations and considerable additions, was converted into the Oatlands Park Hotel. A brick gateway in the garden wall, and some remains of vaults in the grounds, are the only relics of Henry VIII.'s palace. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Winchester; net value, £350. The church was built in 1862; is in the Decorated English style; consists of nave, N and S aisles, and apsidal chancel, and contains several memorial windows.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Church Records

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Land and Property

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Newspapers and Periodicals

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Visitations Heraldic

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