Farnham, Surrey

Historical Description

Farnham, a town, a parish, and a hundred on the W border of Surrey. The town stands on the river Wey, 10 miles WSW of Guildford, and has a station on the L. & S.W.R., 38 miles from London. It is one of the four ' gates" of the Aldershot camps. It consists principally of one street running east and west. with smaller streets branching from the main one; but from its proximity to Aldershot it has entirely changed its character, and become remarkable for extension, bustle, and military thoroughfare. It formerly contained many excellent houses, and soon after the formation of the Aldershot camps a sort of new town sprang up around I it and in its neighbourhood. Farnham Common, comprising an area of about 1 square mile, and situated less than a mile ] from the camps, contained only a few scattered houses in 1851, but is now an important town. The chief feature of the place always was, and still is, the stately castle of the bishops of Winchester, situated on a hill overlooking the town. The original structure was built by Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester, and brother of King Stephen. This was taken in 1216 by Louis of France, who marched hither from Guildford in pursuit of John, and was demolished by Henry III. on account of its having been a retreat of his rebellious barons. A new castle in a style of greater magnificence, but embodying some portions of the old, was soon reconstructed by the bishops, and this was garrisoned for Charles I. in the Civil War, and besieged, captured, and dismantled by the Parliamentarians under Sir William Waller, but was restored and altered nearly into its present state before 1684 by Bishop Morley at a cost of £8000. The i servants' hall, with circular pillars, is part of the original structure, and the upper apartments include a well-formed saloon, now used as a dining-room. The ancient keep stands on the opposite side of the court; has a multangular outline; is strengthened externally by thick buttresses; is reached by a, long flight of steps, protected at the top by covered archways; and presents features which seem to assign it to the time of Henry III., so that it probably is the earliest part of the reconstruction after the razure by that monarch. Two - parks,, called the great and the little, formerly belonged to the castle. The great park contained about 1000 acres, and was diaparked after the Restoration. The little -park contains about 300 acres, continues to be attached to the castle, and is watered by an affluent of the Wey, and crossed by an avenue of ancient elms nearly a mile in length. Queen Elizabeth made many visits to the castle, and on one occasion was met at dinner here by the Duke of Norfolk when he was plotting a marriage with Mary of Scotland. Moor Park was the last retreat of Sir William Temple; here also Dean Swift wrote many of his works.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England & Wales, 1894-5

Administration

The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient County Surrey
Ecclesiastical parish Farnham St. Andrew
Hundred Farnham
Poor Law union Farnham

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.


Church Records

Ancestry.co.uk, in association with Surrey History Centre, have images of the Parish Registers for Surrey online.


Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Farnham from the following:


Land and Property

The Return of Owners of Land in 1873 for Surrey is available to browse.


Maps

Online maps of Farnham are available from a number of sites:


Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following Surrey papers online:


Visitations Heraldic

The Visitation of Surrey, 1662-1668 is available on the Heraldry page.

DistrictWaverley
CountySurrey
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Postal districtGU9
Post TownFarnham