Witham with Chipping Hill, Essex
Witham-with-Chipping Hill, an ancient town and a parish in Essex, on the Roman road from London to Colchester, near the influx of the Podsbrook or Guith to the river Blackwater, 6 miles N from Maldon, 8 SE from Braintree, and 38 from London, with a station on the G.E.R., and a head post office. The town was built and fortified by Edward the Elder, passed to Eustace of Boulogne, the Knights Templars, and the Knights of St John, and was a seat of assizes in 1568. It consists chiefly of one long street, is a seat of petty sessions, and has two banks, a savings bank, a literary institution and library, a police station, and fairs on the Friday and Saturday in Whitsun week and on 4 June at Chipping Hill. It formerly had a weekly market, but this has become obsolete. The parish comprises 3713 acres; population, 3444. The remains of a circular camp with a double vallum, possibly of ancient British origin, is on Chipping Hill. There are four manors. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of St Albans; gross value, £203, in the gift of the Bishop of St Albans. The church is a spacious lofty building in the Early Decorated style, dating in part from the 12th century, and consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, S porch, and an embattled western tower. It has some good stained windows, and some ancient and interesting tombs and monuments. The church of All Saints, a chapel of ease to the parish church, was erected in 1842, and is a building of cut flint and white brick in the Early English style. There is a Roman Catholic church, a building of blue Kentish rag in the Early English style, and also Baptist, Congregational, and Wesleyan Methodist chapels. The Peculiar People have also a meeting-place. There are three blocks of almshouses with a total endowment of about £180 a year.
The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.
|Ecclesiastical parish||Witham St. Nicholas|
|Poor Law union||Witham|
Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.
For general information about Civil Registration (births, marriages and deaths) see the Civil Registration page.
Directories & Gazetteers
We have transcribed the entry for Witham with Chipping Hill from the following:
Newspapers and Periodicals
The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers covering Essex online: