Hornchurch, Essex

Historical Description

Hornchurch, a large village and a parish in Romford union, Essex. The village stands between the rivers Rom and Ingrebum, 2 miles SE from Romford station on the G.E.R., and has a post, money order, and telegraph office under Romford. The parish extends to the Thames, and comprises 6784 acres; population, 3841. It includes the hamlet of Harold Wood, 3 miles N, which has a station on the G.E.R., and a post, money order, and telegraph office under Romford, and the hamlets of Ardleigh Green and Havering Well. Homchurch Lodge, Great Nelmes, Fair-kytes, Grey Towers, and Great Langtons are chief residences. A priory, subordinate to the hospital of Monte Jovis, was founded here in the time of Henry II., passed by purchase to William of Wykeham, and was given by him to New College, Oxford. Mailing, brewing, iron-founding, agricultural implement making, and the making of bricks, tiles, and drain pipes, are carried on. There are here the cottage homes of the parish of St Leonard, Shoreditch, which have accommodation for about 350 children, the buildings including a school which is also used as a chapel, an infirmary, bakery, laundry, various workshops, a large swimming bath, and a master's house. There is also an attached farm of 70 acres. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of St Alhans; gross yearly value, £740 with residence. Patron, New College, Oxford. The church is an ancient building of stone in the Early Decorated and Perpendicular styles, consists of nave, chancel, aisles, and N porch, with turreted tower and a neat spire 170 feet high, -and contains some old brass inscriptions. Charities, £220 and two suites of almshouses. There is a Baptist chapel erected in 1882.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5


The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient County Essex
Ecclesiastical parish Hornchurch St. Andrew
Liberty Havering-Atte-Bower
Poor Law union Romford

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.

Directories & Gazetteers

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Newspapers and Periodicals

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