Transcript of the description for Cerne Abbas from Hunt & Co.'s Directory of Dorsetshire, Hampshire, & Wiltshire 1851

CERNE-ABBAS, a parish and small market town in the hundred of Cerne, Totcombe and Modbury 120 miles S.W.W. from London and 8 N.N.W. from Dorchester, is situated upon a rivulet bearing its name, and in a vale encompassed by chalk hills of a towering altitude; the town is composed of several streets which cannot boast of uniformity in their construction or attraction in their architecture; its trades, which are carried on to a considerable extent are tanning, brewing, malting, and the making of parchment.

This town is rendered remarkable for the ruins of its once magnificent abbey, which tradition reports was built by St. Augustine, but with much more probability is ascribed to Ailmer, Earl of Cornwall; it was founded anno 987, for monks of the Benedictine order, and at the dissolution of monasteries, temp, Henry VIII. the revenues amounted to £623, 13, 2 - a large sum in those days - all that remains of this once stately and extensive pile of buildings are the gate house and a square embattled tower, three stories high; a short distance from the gateway is a large stone barn; traces also may be discovered of the site of the park and gardens.

The parish church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a plain and spacious edifice surmounted by a lofty square embattled tower, the living is a vicarage in the patronage of Lord Rivers, there is also a chapel for Wesleyans and another for persons of the Independent persuasion. A market is held weekly on the Wednesday, and fairs for cattle, sheep and pigs on Midlent Monday, and October 2nd. Sir Robert Miller, in 1601, left £10 arising from tithes, for apprenticing needy youths, this property is now quadrupled. There is a capacious school-house for educating poor children in connexion with the Established Church. Contiguous to the town is a lofty eminence, called Trendle Hill, on the side of which is a gigantic representation of a man holding a monstrous knotted club in his right hand. This figure is formed by making deep incisions through the grassy surface into the chalk strata, at occasional periods when these trenches become filled they are again cleared out, when the figure appears as at its primitive formation; it is said to be in memory of Cenric, son of Cuthred, king of Wessex, who lost his life in battle. Cerne gives name to a union and a suitable union house has been erected here by order of the poor law commissioners; this union comprehends 20 parishes with an area of 74 square miles. In 1841 the parish of Cerne, which comprises 3010 acres, was returned as having a population of 1342.

POST OFFICE, Long Street, Postmaster, Joseph Bennett, Letters arrive from Dorchester at 9 a.m, and are despatched thereto at 4 p.m.

Gentry and Clergy.

Beer Mrs. Bridge street
Cockeram Thos. esq. Long street
Crane Mr. James, Long street
Davis Miss Jane, Long street
Hodges Mrs, John, Long street
Norman Mr. Henry, Abbey street
Trowbridge Rev. J S. (Independent Minister), Abbey street
Williams Rev. Alexander, (vicar), Back street
Wiltshire Thomas, esq. Long street

Miscellany of Traders, &c.
Not arranged in the succeeding Lists.

Arnold Abel, chimney sweep, Blackwater
Bigden James, basket maker, Abbey street
Cave William, relieving officer, Long street
Clark Nat, bookbinder, Long street
Clark Robert, watch & clock makr. Long street
Curme John, lime burner, Alton ln
Frampton Charles, solicitor and clerk to the commissioners of taxes, Abbey street
Frampton John, solicitor and coroner, Abbey street
Hassell Richard, seedsman and corn factor, East street
Hodges Hen. parish clerk, Abbey street
Hurlstone Joseph, cooper, Back st
Knell Joseph, cheesemonger, Acreman street
Minifie Chas. hair dresser, Bridge street
Minifie Emma, Berlin wool warehouse, Bridge street
Nobbs John Wallace, veterinary surgeon, Back street
Union Workhouse, Curme Robetr master

Bakers.

Biles Joseph, (& confectioner), Acreman street
Diment Wm. Long street
Dunning William, Mill lane
Painter William, Long street
Stroud James, Mill lane

Beer Retailers.

Bragg Thomas, Acreman street
Farr Thomas, Long street
Sherry Joseph, Bridge street
Stroud William, Bridge street

Blacksmiths.

Curtis Charles, Long street
Tizard Josiah, Long street

Boot and Shoemakers.

Beer William, Back street
Hodges Mary, Abbey street
Hurlstone James, Back street
Marsh William, Long street
Sheppard James, Long street
Vine John, Bridge street

Builders.

Biles John, Acreman street
Hearn William, Bridge street

Butchers.

Dominy George, Back lane
Dominy Henry, East street
Newberry Thomas, Acreman street
Stroud John, Bridge street

Farmers.

Bennett Robert, Long street
Cox Bernard, Abbey house
Dunning James, Long street
Durden Robert, Long street
Fooks John, Long street
Gundry John, Long street

Fire & Life Assurance Agents.
Thus * denotes Fire; thus § Life.

§Clerical, Medical and General, Bragg James, Long street
*Crown, Hellyar James, Abbey st.
*Imperial, Beach Wm Bridge st
*Royal Farmers, Dunning Thos, Long street
*§Sun, Bennett Joseph, Long st.

Fly Proprietors.

Bragg Francis, Acreman street
Foot George, Bridge street

Grocery and Sundries - Dealers in.

Adams Joseph, Long street
Bennett Joseph, (& druggist), Long street
Cave Susanna, Long street
Derriman George, Long street
Devnish Ann, Acreman street
Diment William, Long street
Fountain William, Long street
Tizard Ann, Long street

Hat Manufacturers.

Thorne Alfred, Abbey street
Thorne James, East street

Inns and Public Houses.

Antelope, Long st. Watts David
Giant's Head, Dorchester road, Battrick Thomas
Nag's Head, Abbey street, Barnwell Richard
New Inn, Long st, Roberts Wm.
Red Lion, Long street, Guy Jasper
Royal Oak, Long street, Curtis Charles

Ironmongers.

Adams Joseph, Long street
Bennett Joseph, Long street
Derriman George, Long street

Linen Drapers.

Bennett Martha, Long street
Clark Wm. Henry, Long street
Groves Susanna, Long street

Maltsters.

Adams Joseph, Long street
Dunning John, (& brewer), East street
Guy Jasper, Long street
Hellyar James Thos. & Son, Abbey street

Millers.

Dunning William, Mill lane
Stroud James, Tucking mill

Milliners & Dress Makers.

Biles Elizabeth, Acreman street
Sherry Rebecca, Long street
Strange Grace, Long street
Stroud Charlotte, Long street

Painters, Plurnbers & Glaziers

Barnwell Richard, Abbey street
Farr Thomas, Long street

Registrars.

Beach William, (of marriages & clerk to the Poor law union), Bridge street
Norman Henry, (of births and deaths), Long street, (deputy do.) Korman Edwin, Long st.

Saddlers & Harness Makers.

Dunning Thomas, Long street
Edmunds Henry, Long street
Strange Robert, Long street

Schools.

Andrews Mary Ann, Back street
Beach William, (boarding & day), Bridge street
Jerrard & Dominy, (ladies), Long street
Norman Sarah, Abbey street

Stone Masons.

Knell Joseph, jun. Acreman street
Knell Thomas, Acreman street
Northover James, Abbey street

Surgeons.

Coles Wm. Fathers, (& deputy coroner for the Cerne district), Abbey street
Davis Alfred & John, Long street
Davis Thos. Boys, Blackwater

Tailors.

Banger John, Long street
Bennett Napoleon, Alton lane
Bragg Jas. Long street
Clark William Henry, Long street
Fountain William, Long street

Tanners & Curriers.

Hellyar James Thos. & Son, Abbey street
Norman John Henry & Edwin, Blackwater

Tawers & Parchment Makers.

Dunning William, Abbey street
Groves Levi, Abbey street
Scard Simeon, Long street
Tucker Jas. & Dominy John, Abbey street

Thatchers.

Hodder Benjamin, Bridge street
Young George, Back street

COACHES-TO

BATH, John Bull or Wellington, at 10 a.m.
DORCHESTER & WEYMOUTH, South Western at 12 30 noon, John Bull, tues. thurs. and sat. at 4 30 p.m., Wellington, mon. wed. and fri. 6 p.m.
YEOVIL, via SHERBORNE, the South Western, at 6 p.m.
The above run daily, except on Sundays.

CARRIERS-TODORCHESTER, Robert Strange, from his own house, tues. thurs. and sat.
WEYMOUTH, Dodimead' s Van, from the Red Lion, tues. thurs. and sat., George Foot, from his own house, tues, and frid.