Genealogy heraldry and family history resources

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An introduction to GEDCOM.

GEDCOM is an acronym for GEnealogy Data COMmunication. It is the name used for a special text file format developed by the projects and planning division of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This format was developed so that a common standard of communication could exist between the Church and submitters of genealogical data. This has now evolved into the defacto standard for data exchange between most genealogy software programs and systems.

The GEDCOM standard is being continually developed, and is far too detailed to go into in any depth here, however, here follows a brief overview:

The file contains a set of genealogy data in a structured format. It utilises numbers to indicate the hierarchy and Tags to indicate individual pieces of information within the file.

Below is a file containing data for myself, my wife, and two daughters. It is the equivalent of this chart:

This is the start of the Header
section. It contains information
about the file, it's creator, when
created etc.






This is the first person in the file.











This is the next person in the file.











This is the next person in the file.












This is the last person in the file.











This is the data to link the family
together.



This is the marriage data.


End of the file.
0 HEAD
1 SOUR REUNION
2 VERS V4.0
2 CORP Leister Productions
1 DEST REUNION
1 DATE 19 APR 1997
1 FILE Master Database
1 GEDC
2 VERS 5.01
1 CHAR MACINTOSH
0 @I1@ INDI
1 NAME Nigel Robin Patrick /Batty-Smith/
1 SEX M
1 BIRT
2 DATE 1 DEC 1962
2 PLAC 6 Chesterfield Road, Leicester
1 OCCU Telecomms Consultant
1 EDUC Bradfield College
1 RELI Church Of England
1 FAMS @F1@
1 CHAN
2 DATE 24 NOV 1996
0 @I2@ INDI
1 NAME Joanna Frances /White/
1 SEX F
1 BIRT
2 DATE 7 FEB 1967
2 PLAC Castle Hill House, Shaftesbury, Dorset
1 OCCU Nanny
1 EDUC Croft House School
1 RELI Church Of England
1 FAMS @F1@
1 CHAN
2 DATE 24 NOV 1996
0 @I8@ INDI
1 NAME Emma Louise /Batty-Smith/
1 SEX F
1 BIRT
2 DATE 30 MAR 1992
2 PLAC Odstock Hospital, Salisbury
1 CHR
2 DATE 17 MAY 1992
2 PLAC West Knoyle Parish Church
1 RELI Church Of England
1 FAMC @F1@
1 CHAN
2 DATE 17 FEB 1996
0 @I9@ INDI
1 NAME Hannah Victoria /Batty-Smith/
1 SEX F
1 BIRT
2 DATE 8 AUG 1993
2 PLAC Odstock Hospital, Salisbury
1 CHR
2 PLAC West Knoyle Church
1 RELI Church Of England
1 FAMC @F1@
1 CHAN
2 DATE 20 JAN 1996
0 @F1@ FAM
1 HUSB @I1@
1 WIFE @I2@
1 CHIL @I8@
1 CHIL @I9@
1 MARR
2 DATE 1 JUN 1991
2 PLAC Church Of St. Michael The Archangel, Mere
0 TRLR