Aston, Warwickshire

Description
Aston, a parish in Warwickshire, lying partly within the boundaries of the city of Birmingham, of which it is practically a suburb. It is traversed by the old Roman Icknield Street, and the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal. It comprises Deritend, Bordesley, Duddeston-cum-Nechells, Aston Manor, Witton, Erdington, Little Bromwich, Saltley and Washwood, Castle-Bromwich, and Water-Orton. Area of the parish, 14,074 acres; population, 249,282. The parliamentary borough of Aston Manor, which was constituted by the Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885, has an area of 959 acres ; population, 68,639. Aston Manor has a post office in Aston Road, and a station on the L. & N.W.R., at the junction of the Walsall and Sutton Coldfield branches. The manor belonged to the Saxon Earls of Mercia; was given, at the Conquest, to William Fitz-Ausculf; and passed to the Pagenels, the Erdingtons, and the Holts. The manor-house, Aston Hall, stands on a rising ground, at the end of a fine avenue, in the NE outskirts of the town; is a noble edifice in the Tudor style, built in the time of James I. by Sir Thomas Holt; gave entertainment to Charles I. prior to the battle of Edge-Hill, and was forced to surrender afterwards to the Parliamentarian forces; and was for some years the residence of James Watt, son of the famous engineer. Most of a beautiful park which surrounded it has been built on; but the Hall and surrounding grounds are the property of the corporation of Birmingham, and form a museum and public park, opened in 1858 by the Queen and the Prince Consort. Adjacent to the park are the Aston Lower Grounds. The parish church stands 300 yards E of the hall; is an interesting edifice datingfrom about the loth century, with fine tower and spire; it has suffered great changes and mutilations, and has been almost entirely rebuilt. It contains several altar tombs and brasses, some fine antique oak seats, a carved churchyard cross of Early English date, and beautiful windows of stained glass. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Worcester; value, £750. Aston Manor is governed by a Local Board. The town-hall, at the corner of Albert and Witton Roads, is a building of red brick in the Queen Anne style; it contains the offices of the Local Board, and also a free library. New public baths were erected in 1891, a technical school in 1892, and a theatre in 1893. The Hall Almshouses, founded in 1656, maintain five men and five women.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5

Maps

Old maps of Aston are available on the old-maps.co.uk site, and a current map is available on the Streetmap.co.uk site.


Visitations Heraldic

The Visitation of Warwickshire 1619 is available on the Heraldry page.