Coggeshall, Essex

Historical Description

Coggeshall, a town in Essex, chiefly in Great Coggeshall parish, partly in Little Coggeshall, which stands on the Roman road from Colchester, and on the river Blackwater, 2 ½ miles N by W of Kelvedon station on the G.E.R., and 6 E by S of Braintree. Its site is partly low ground, partly the acclivity of a pleasant hill. A Roman station, either Ad Ansam or Canonium, is supposed by some antiquaries to have been here, and remains of a Roman villa have been found. A Cistercian abbey was founded in the vicinity, within Little Coggeshall parish, and a three-arched bridge built over an adjacent artificial cut of the Blackwater by King Stephen, and a small part of the abbey still exists. The town has a post, money order, and telegraph office under Kelvedon, two banks, a parish church, Baptist, Congregational, and Wesleyan chapels, a Friends' meeting-house, a free school, and six almshouses. The church, a fine building of flint and stone in the Perpendicular style, with a tower, has a beautifully decorated interior, three sedilia and a piscina, a carved oak rood screen, some memorial windows, and a richly decorated rercdos of alabaster and stone. The right to hold a weekly market on Thursday and a fair on Whit-Tuesday was granted by Henry III., but of the market scarcely more than the name remains. Among the industries of the town are the manufacture of isinglass and gelatine, brewing, malting, lace-making, clothing, and the growing of garden seeds.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5

Civil Registration

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Maps

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Newspapers and Periodicals

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