Chelmsford, a municipal borough, a market-town, and head of a petty sessional division and county court district in Essex. The town stands on a pleasant site, near the centre of the county, at the confluence of the rivers Chelmer, Cann, and Wid, on the Roman road to Colchester, and on the G.E.R., 29 ½ miles NE by E of London. It derives its name from an ancient ford on the Chelmer; it was supposed by Camden, but incorrectly, to have been the Canonium of the Romans ; it belonged from the time of Edward the Confessor till that of Henry VIII. to the Bishops of London; it got a bridge about the year 1100 to draw through it the great eastward thoroughfare which had previously passed through the village of Writtle ; it was constituted in 1199 a market-town ; it sent in the time of Edward III. four representatives to a grand council held at Westminster; and it is now the chief town of the county, the seat of the county council of Essex, and also the assize and quarter sessions town. It received a charter of incorporation in 1887, and is now governed by a mayor, 6 aldermen, and 18 councillors, who also act as the urban sanitary authority.
The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.
|Ecclesiastical parish||Chelmsford St. Mary|
|Poor Law union||Chelmsford|
Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.
Directories & Gazetteers
We have transcribed the entry for Chelmsford from the following:
Online maps of Chelmsford are available from a number of sites:
- Bing (Current Ordnance Survey maps).
- Google Streetview.
- National Library of Scotland. (Old maps)
- old-maps.co.uk (Old Ordnance Survey maps to buy).
- Streetmap.co.uk (Current Ordnance Survey maps).
- A Vision of Britain through Time. (Old maps)
Newspapers and Periodicals
The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers covering Essex online: