Burnham, Essex

Historical Description

Burnham, a village and a parish in Essex. The village stands on the river Crouch, opposite Wallasea Island, 9 miles NE from Southend, and has a station on the Southminster branch of the G.E.R. It has a post, money order, and telegraph office (S.O.), dates from old times, includes a good, street, is a seaport and coastguard station, and has a customhouse, a convenient quay, and a ferry. The river Crouch is famous for its oyster beds, and oyster culture and fishing form an important industry. Fishing, chiefly for herrings, is also carried on, and a good business in boat-building, sail-making, and corn and coal dealing. Several vessels from 50 to 200 tons are employed here. The parish includes also the hamlet of Ostend. Acreage, 4526; population, 2360. The land is marshy. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of St Albans; gross yearly value, £424 with residence. The church is a building of stone and flint in the Late Perpendicular style. Its tower was formerly very lofty, serving as a landmark for ships at sea, but having been blown down it was rebuilt at a lower elevation. There are Baptist, Catholic Apostolic, Congregational, and Primitive Methodist chapels, a public hall erected in 1887, and a workmen's reading-room.

Transcribed from The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5

Administration

The following is a list of the administrative units in which this place was either wholly or partly included.

Ancient County Essex
Ecclesiastical parish Burnham St. Mary
Hundred Dengie
Poor Law union Maldon

Any dates in this table should be used as a guide only.


Directories & Gazetteers

We have transcribed the entry for Burnham from the following:


Newspapers and Periodicals

The British Newspaper Archive have fully searchable digitised copies of the following newspapers covering Essex online: